Ovulation Induction (OI)

Ovulation induction (OI) is a fertility treatment aimed at stimulating the ovaries to produce and release one or more eggs during a woman’s menstrual cycle, increasing the chances of conception. This method is particularly beneficial for women who experience irregular or absent ovulation, often due to conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

Process of Ovulation Induction:

  • Medications:

    • Clomiphene Citrate: Commonly used to stimulate the release of hormones necessary for ovulation.
    • Letrozole: An alternative that can be effective for those who do not respond to Clomiphene.
    • Gonadotropins: Injectable hormones that directly stimulate the ovaries.
  • Monitoring:

    • Ultrasound: Regular ultrasounds monitor the development of ovarian follicles.
    • Blood Tests: Hormone levels are checked to ensure appropriate response to medications.
  • Timing Intercourse or Insemination:

    • Trigger Shot: An injection of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) may be used to induce ovulation.
    • Timed Intercourse or IUI: Sexual intercourse or intrauterine insemination (IUI) is timed to coincide with ovulation for optimal chances of fertilization.

Benefits and Risks:

  • Benefits: Increases the likelihood of pregnancy in women with ovulatory disorders.
  • Risks: Includes multiple pregnancies, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS), and potential side effects from medications.

Ovulation induction is a vital first step in fertility treatments, offering hope and a higher probability of conception for many women struggling with infertility.